What is Hashish and How Do You Smoke It?

May 23, 2024

Hash, or hashish, is one of the oldest and most revered cannabis concentrates. It’s extracted from the resin of the cannabis plant and celebrated for its intense potency and rich historical heritage. In this guide, we explore what is hash, what is in hash, how to smoke hash, and more.

What is Hash?

Hash, short for hashish, is a concentrated form of marijuana, derived from the resin of the cannabis plant. Hash is different from marijuana buds or flower as it comes from the plant’s resin. Solid hash ranges from malleable to brittle, and can be anything from pale blonde to deep amber, depending on the maturity of the trichomes, production method, and purity. It’s known for its high concentration of cannabinoids, particularly THC.1 Hash can be smoked, dabbed, added to food, vaporized, or made into hash oil.

Historically, hash is made solvent-free by separating the glandular trichomes2–the tiny, powdery outgrowths on the cannabis plant that produce terpenes and cannabinoids–from the flower and leaves by hand. The trichomes can also be separated via mechanical beating or placing the cannabis plants in ice water and using a sieve to remove resin. Once collected, the trichomes are compressed under heat and pressure to form hash.

Where did Hashish Come From?

Hashish, an Arabic word that loosely translates to “grass,” is one of the oldest known cannabis concentrates. It’s believed that its origins can be traced back to the Middle East, particularly Persia and North Africa, around the 10th century.3 In Nepal, Jamaica, and India, hash that was rolled into balls was called charas. Hash was also popularly used in a traditional Indian brew called bhang.

What are the Different Types of Hash?

Like other cannabis products, hash also comes in various types, like dry sift and bubble hash, and can be consumed in different ways such as smoking, dabbing, or even oral consumption. 

Dry Sift/Moroccan Hash - Dry sift hash, also called Moroccan hash, is created by sifting dry cannabis flowers over a series of finely meshed screens, each with smaller openings to refine the plant material. After passing through the screens, the loose trichomes are collected and then pressed into balls, blocks, or “cakes.”

Bubble Hash - This hash gets its name from how it bubbles when smoked. Bubble hash, also sometimes called ice water hash, is made using bags of ice water to separate the trichomes from the cannabis plant material. The mixture is stirred, allowing the trichomes to break off. It’s then passed through a series of progressively finer mesh or nylon filters, called bubble bags. The filtered hash is dried and pressed, creating bubble hash. Both dry and oily textures are common: bubble hash textures can vary based on the extraction process, resin content, and processing techniques. 

How Do You Smoke Hash?

Newbies should start with a small amount because hash is a concentrated form of cannabis that’s more potent than smoking cannabis flower. Here are some of the most popular ways to smoke hash:

  • Infuse a Joint: While dispensaries offer pre-made infused joints filled with cannabis flower, many canna-connoisseurs add hash to their own joints. If you’re rolling your joint by hand, leave some space at the top of the joint where you can insert the hash. If you’re using a pre-rolled joint, you can pack the flower into the end of the joint. 

  • Dab: Another effective way to smoke hash is by dabbing. It’s best to use a dab rig, which is similar to a bong, but the device is specifically designed for dabbing concentrates. Canna-seurs add hash to the heated surface and then inhale the resulting vapors.

  • Add Hash to a Bowl: To add hash to a bowl, be sure to pack the hash into the bowl at the pipe’s end. You can add only hash to the bowl, or you can also mix it with cannabis flower for a more intense experience. Hash can be sticky, so it’s recommended to use a glass pipe rather than one made from silicon, wood, or other materials. What about bongs? Hash can also be added to a bong, and the hash is added to the bowl.

Because hash is a concentrate, it has higher potency levels. New consumers should start with smaller amounts or check with your budtender for advice on getting started. 

FAQs About Hash & Hashish

It’s good to have questions about hash. While your budtender can answer all of these and more, here are the most frequently asked ones:

Can you eat raw hash?
It isn’t recommended to eat raw hash since non-decarbed marijuana doesn’t have psychoactive effects (and it probably wouldn’t taste very good). Hash needs to be decarboxylated or heated via smoking or cooking to activate the THC and the other cannabinoids.

What’s the difference between hash and bubble hash?
The primary difference between hash and bubble hash is how it’s made. Traditional hash, which is often called dry sift or Moroccan hash, is made using dry sifting and pressing techniques. On the other hand, bubble hash is made using ice water to separate the trichomes from the other plant material. 

Can you make hash at home?
You can make hash at home using the dry sift technique or ice water extraction method. However, before starting the process, you should check your local laws and be sure it’s legal to make and consume hash in your state.

Learn More About Hashish

Dispensaries in hash-friendly states sell indica and sativa-dominant hash, so it’s only a matter of finding what flavor profile and type of hash you prefer. Experiment with the different options, or ask your favorite budtender for recommendations.


Find a Dispensary


1. “What Is Hashish, Exactly?” Leafwell.com, https://leafwell.com/blog/hashish

2. “Cannabis Glandular Trichomes: A Cellular Metabolite Factory,” National Library of Medicine, https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34616415/

3. “The history of hashish and where it comes from,” CannaConnection.com, June 18, 2020, https://www.cannaconnection.com/blog/13797-history-of-hashish-where-it-comes-from

Use of Marijuana Concentrate may lead to: Psychotic symptoms and/or Psychotic disorder (delusions, hallucinations, or difficulty distinguishing reality); Mental Health Symptoms/Problems; Cannabis Hyperemesis Syndrome (CHS) (uncontrolled and repetitive vomiting); Cannabis use disorder/dependence, including physical and psychological dependence. Please consume responsibly. This product may cause impairment and may be habit forming. There may be health risks associated with consumption of this product. State laws impact what dispensaries can and can’t sell to recreational customers and medical marijuana patients. Not every type of product, consumption method, dosage form, or potency mentioned on this blog will be permitted in all locations.

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