Cannabis Glossary

Cannabis Glossary

B

Blunt

A traditional blunt is a hollowed-out cigar filled with ground cannabis. Since cigars tend to be larger than joint rolling papers, they are able to hold more cannabis and have a small amount of nicotine. Modern blunt wraps are made from Palm, Mint, and even Hemp and do not contain nicotine.

Bioavailability

The proportion of a drug or other substance which enters the circulation when introduced into the body and so is able to have an active effect.

Bong

A glass, ceramic, or plastic device used to smoke cannabis flower. Bongs use water to filter out any undesirable plant matter—allowing only smoke to reach the user’s lungs.

Bowl

The part on a bong, pipe, or any smoking device that holds the cannabis. “Pack a bowl” means to place cannabis flower into the bowl where it will be ignited and smoked.

Bud

Another word used to describe cannabis flowers. Once dried and manicured, buds are ground up and smoked.

Bubbler

A smoking device that uses water to filter smoke, similar to a bong but smaller.

Budtender

An employee of a dispensary who works at the storefront to assist and educate customers about cannabis products.


C

Cannabinoids

A class of diverse, nautrally occuring chemical compounds that influence CB1 and CB2 cell receptors in the brain and body.

Cannabis

A plant genus with three subspecies, including Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and Cannabis ruderalis. Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica have intoxicating properties and are used for both medical and recreational purposes. Cannabis ruderalis is naturally lower in THC and is not usually farmed. The Cannabis plant is native to Asia, but is grown all around the world to produce hemp and medicine, textiles, food and more.

Cartridge (a.k.a. cart)

A small container prefilled with cannabis extracts/oils that are rich in cannabis’ active ingredients. Cartridges come in multiple formats. Some snap into place magnetically while others come threaded and twist into a battery.

CBD

Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of many cannabinoids produced by cannabis, second only to THC in abundance. CBD is not intoxicating, meaning it does not create the “euphoric high” of THC.

CO2 Oil

A term for some cannabis concentrates that are made by using CO2 as a solvent to extract terpenes, cannabinoids, and other beneficial compounds from the cannabis plant to create products for vaping and dabbing.

Concentrates

Highly concentrated cannabis extracts, with potencies reaching as high as 98% THC. They’re produced by extracting cannabinoids and terpenes from cannabis flower in a process that typically uses a solvent, like CO2 or butane. The effects of concentrates are felt almost immediately after inhalation.


D

Dabbing

Dabbing is a way to consume cannabis concentrates, like wax or shatter. It's done by dropping a small amount of concentrate (a dab) on a heated nail, then inhaling the vapor through the glass piece it is attached to. See also: Rig

Dank

A term used to describe high-quality, desirable cannabis flower. It’s often used to refer to buds that are extra sticky, hairy, pungent, and highly potent.

Dispensary

A dispensary is a retail location where consumers and patients can purchase legal cannabis in a safe manner. Customers receive friendly assistance from expert staff (called budtenders) who help them find products to suit their individual needs and tolerances.

Distillate

A highly refined cannabis concentrate. Distillation removes terpenes, many pigments, and other non-cannabinoid components, generally producing a higher potency and purer concentrate than other forms of cannabis extracts. Distillate is often used in edibles due to its lack of characteristic cannabis flavor as well as in vape pens.


E

Edibles

Produced by infusing a product with cannabis concentrate or cannabutter, edibles can range from baked goods and chocolate bars to drinks and capsules.

Eighth

A standard weight measurement of cannabis flower that refers to an eighth of an ounce. This amount equals about 3.5 grams.

Endocannabinoid System

The endocannabinoid system is made up of receptors found in the central and peripheral nervous systems. These receptors are primarily responsible for maintaining homeostasis—or a stable equilibrium—between the body’s many physiological and psychological processes, including appetite, pain-sensation, mood, and memory. Cannabinoids like THC, CBD, CBN, and more interact with these receptors and can contribute to maintaining the body’s homeostasis.

Entourage Effect

A term coined by Dr. Raphael Mechoulam in 1998 to describe the physiological synergy of combining compounds such as terpenes and cannabinoids.


F

Flower

The flowering part of the cannabis plant that is dried, cured, and smoked. This smokable part of the cannabis plant is also referred to as “bud.”


H

High

Being “high” refers to the intoxicating effect of cannabinoids like THC. It is often reported as feelings of happiness and relaxation, as well as altered time and sensory perception.

Hemp

A tall, stalky variety of Cannabis sativa that is usually very low in THC. These fibrous plants have been used for over 10,000 years for a variety of purposes, like making paper, clothing, rope, and building materials. Hemp is a popular source of protein, cooking oil, body care products, and is used to make CBD isolates.

Hybrid

A combination of two or more different strains of cannabis. Centuries of cross-breeding have turned most strains into hybrids; some sativa-dominant, and some indica-dominant.


I

Indica

Indica is one of the three cannabis species (the other two being Sativa and Ruderalis). It most likely originated in Afghanistan around the Hindu Kush Mountain Range. Indicas are generally considered to have more body-focused, physically relaxing effects, and users often prefer Indicas for nighttime relaxation and physical relief.


J

Joint

One of the most popular methods for consuming cannabis, joints are a rolled cigarette containing cannabis instead of tobacco. Joints are made by spreading a strip of ground-up cannabis flower onto a rolling paper, then rolling it up to form the shape of a cigarette. Joints appeal to many users because they’re portable and easy to discard when finished.


K

Kief

A powdery substance of the tiny trichomes collected by sifting cannabis flowers and leaves. Kief can be pressed into hash, used in food, or sprinkled into joints and blunts. As one of the most natural methods of concentrating cannabis, kief is easy to collect and very potent.

Kush

Refers to a variety of cannabis that descends from the Hindu Kush mountains in Afghanisan. If a strain has strong Kush genetics, it usually has dense, chunky buds that produce smooth and herbaceous smoke and vape. These strains are dominant in the terpene limonene and will often produce heavy, sedative effects.


L

Live Resin

A type of concentrate created by freezing freshly harvested cannabis before starting the extraction process, allowing the plant to retain more terpenes. With more terpenes present, not only is the flavor and aroma profile significantly greater, but users can also achieve a fuller intoxicating experience.


N

Nug

A slang term short for “nugget.” It refers to the way a manicured piece of smokable bud material looks. The term is also often used to describe high-quality cannabis.


O

Onset Time

Refers to the amount of time it takes for the effects to become noticeable after using cannabis. For example, smoking and edibles have different onset times.

Ounce

A standard weight measurement of cannabis flower that equals about 28 grams.


P

Pot

One of the many terms used for cannabis that originated during the underground days of cannabis prohibition. The word is likely derived from the Mexican Spanish word “potiguaya,” the Spanish name for cannabis-infused wine or brandy.

Pre-roll

A joint that is already rolled, or “pre-rolled” and sold in dispensaries.


Q

Quarter

A standard weight measurement of cannabis flower that refers to a quarter of an ounce. This amount equals about 7 grams.


R

Rig

The full setup of equipment used for dabbing. A rig typically consists of a water pipe fitted with a “nail” instead of a bowl. The nail is usually made of ceramic, titanium, or quartz, and is heated with a flame where the concentrate is immediately vaporized and inhaled.


S

Sativa

One of the three cannabis species (the other two being Indica and Ruderalis) that likely originated around Nepal. Sativa strains are generally considered to have more cerebral, uplifting, and energizing effects and users often prefer Sativa dominant strains for creative work and physical activities.

Shake

The loose pieces of plant material that collect at the bottom of a bag or container of cannabis. Small scraps of cannabis tend to fall off of larger buds as a result of regular handling.

Shatter

A type of concentrate that is a solid material resembling a thin, honey-colored shard of glass. When touched, shatter easily breaks into pieces—hence the name.

Stoned

A slang term used to describe the state of being under the influence of cannabis.

Strain

Refers to a cannabis flower’s particular variety. Strains are used to characterize the shape, color, taste, aroma, and effects of cannabis. Cannabis strains are typically broken up into three groups: indica, sativa, and hybrid.


T

THC

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is an intoxicating cannabinoid and is largely responsible for the “high” associated with using cannabis. THC is the most well-known molecule in the cannabis plant and can produce many effects like euphoria and increased sensory awareness, as well as offering many medical benefits.* Cannabis has been cultivated for generations, primarily for the effects that are attributed to THC.

Terpenes

Fragrant oils secreted from the resin glands of many types of plants and flowers that provide aromatic diversity. Terpenes can bind to different receptors in the brain, producing different effects. For example, Linalool is a terpene, also found in Lavender, that produces a sedative or relaxing effect.

Tincture

A liquid extract created by soaking cannabis flower in a solvent to remove the cannabinoids and terpenes from the plant material. Tinctures were one of the original ways people used medical cannabis, and before cannabis prohibition in the 1930s, most households had a bottle of cannabis tincture in their medicine cabinet.

Titration

The process of adjusting medication amounts until the desired effect is achieved.

Topical

A cannabis-infused cream, lotion, oil, or balm that is applied to and absorbed through the skin. Topicals are fast-acting and non-intoxicating, which allows users to reap the therapeutic benefits of compounds like THC without any unwanted intoxication.

Trichome

The tiny outgrowths that cover the buds and leaves of the cannabis plant. They are usually very shiny, sticky, and aromatic, often appearing as a blanket of frost on the plant surface. Trichomes contain many cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids that contribute to the plant’s flavor and effect.


U

Uptake

The act of absorption of a substance by a living organism. In the world of cannabis, uptake refers to the absorption of compounds like cannabinoids and terpenes into the human body.


V

Vaporizer

A device that uses heat to vaporize and deliver the active compounds in cannabis flower or concentrates by inhaling vapor, without burning the material and creating smoke.


W

Wax

A type of cannabis concentrate that resembles the texture of candle wax. Depending on consistency, wax can also be called sugar, budder, or crumble.

Weed

Weed has been one of the most popular slang terms for cannabis during the 20th century. It probably originates as a reference to how fast and easily cannabis can grow. 

*LivWell makes no claims regarding the health and medical benefits of cannabis.